Being launched on the 30th July 2020 at 4:50, a rover Perseverence has been travelling for about six months heading to the red planet.
Rover Perseverance will land on the crater called Jezero Crater on the 18th February 2021 at 23:30 in South Africa.
Jezero Crater used to be a dam where a river would flow 3.5 billions years ago.
It is believed that microbial life could have lived in Jezero during one or more of these wet times, hence there should be some proof left in the crater.
Rover Perseverance will search any evidence of such microbial if ever existed on Mars.
This is what entails rover Persevarance:
- Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing Instrumentation 2 (MEDLI2) sensor suite, to study ways and methods of future landing by human on Mars.
- Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) instrument suite, which will provide key information about weather, climate, and dust.
- Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment (MOXIE) technology demonstration aims to produce oxygen from Mars’ carbon dioxide atmosphere, demonstrating a way future explorers might produce oxygen for rocket propellant as well as for breathing.
- Feature 23 cameras – more cameras than any interplanetary mission in history. They’ll help engineers put together a high-definition view of the landing process after the rover safely touches down on Mars