African Union formerly knew as Organisations of African Union that was formed on the 25 May 1963 in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
The name; Organisations of African Union (OAU) was changed to African Union (AU) on the 9 July 2000 at the summit that was hosted in Durban (South Africa).
AU comprises 55 member states which involves Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau. Kenya, the Kingdom of Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Kingdom of Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Vision and mission of AU is to maintain peace in the continent, eradicate any remaining trails of colonization, by ensuring that Africa is free from dictatorship by the foreign countries, achieving the goals of New Partnership for Africa’s Development.
Nepad was established by AU in March 2001 to ensure that all different countries participate in the African economic development.
AU has failed to implement its objectives because of some challenges it encountered over the years that hinders taking Africa to the next level.
Challenges that pose threats to its existence are skilled or professional human capital, such as professional mediators, that would examine the causes of violence in Africa and implement strategic solutions.
AU is insufficient of financial resources to establish forces that would have all the necessary army equipment to monitor violence in Africa.
There have been numerous violent attacks and wars in Africa after the AU was established. Rwanda genocide that took place between the 7 April and 15 July 1994 proved that AU is not strong enough to prevent such ordeals from happening.
Civil War broke up in Lybia during 2011 that led NATO to form allies with National Transitional Council (NYC) the anti Murmur Gaddafist to kill him also questioned the existence of AU.
It is evident that African leaders were participating in the AU but failed to comply with the policies enshrined in the constitution, i.e the former president of Uganda Idi Amin who supported the terrorists attack when he welcomed hijacked plane into his country in 1976 , although he was also a member of AU.
One of the AU policies is to free Africa from foreign dictatorship yet it’s funding is mainly derived from the further afield countries, that will make rather impossible to fight with colonization system at its core.