What is food fortification?
Food fortification is to increase nutrients of food to be eaten to ensure that a person who eats that foods acquire all the vitamins needed in the body to fend off various diseases and to remain healthy at all times.
Food fortification is diet plan by the government, since people are not all in position to plan dietary for themselves due to financial difficulties.
Most people eat the same food each an every day, of which their health might be compromised, food fortification helps to provide all the nutrients despite eating porridge every day.
Why and when food fortification was introduced?
In 1994 people suffering from malnutrition were identified and Dr Nkosaza Dlamini Zuma appointed a committee called Intergrated Nutrition Strategy to device some ways to fight with malnutrition in the country.
Malnutrition is dangerous because it’s opens room for diseases such as Kwashiorkor, blindness etc. It has been a while when you get someone suffering from such diseases after all food was fortified.
This committee also decided to iodise salt to prevent iodine deficiency which cause mental retardedness, fatigue etc.
On the 7th October 2003 all food was fortified in South Africa.
What food fortification entails?
Food fortification includes vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, folic acid, iron, zinc Calcium; Iron; Zinc; Selenium; Vitamin A; Vitamin D; Vitamin C; Vitamin E; Vitamin B2; Vitamin B3 and Vitamin B6